Bert-Jaap Koops homepage


NOTE: The Crypto Law Survey has moved.

Please update your links to the new URL: 原sub网络加速器


Version 27.0, February 2013
© Bert-Jaap Koops
All rights reserved. Please credit if quoting.

Next update February 2014.

FAQ | What's new | Sources | Table of Contents

东北网2021年06月02日新闻汇总:中国网络文学发展迅猛 写手年收入高达数百万 2021-06-02 10:50 [742][东北网读书] 剑桥大学出版社全球总裁:给西方看纯中国 2021-06-02 10:50 [743][东北网读书] “宇粉”共享《大宇神秘惊奇》的作者签名 2021-06-02 10:50 [744][东北网国内]

This survey gives an overview of the current state of affairs, with entries per country on import/export controls, domestic laws, developments to restrict cryptography, and developments favoring crypto use. For more background on the crypto policy dilemma, see my Ph.D. thesis The Crypto Controversy. A Key Conflict in the Information Society (Kluwer Law International, 1999).

Cryptography used for digital signatures is not covered by this survey. For regulation of digital signatures, see Digital Signatures and Law.

See also (but largely outdated): Stewart Baker & Paul Hurst, sub免费网络加速器from August 1998 and the extensive survey by EPIC and GILC, Cryptography and Liberty 2000 (earlier version: 1998). And see generally on export controls Simo-Pekka Parviainen's 旋风sub加速器 (particularly on the EU).


This survey of cryptography laws is based on several reports, information from the Internet and personal communications. I have not consulted all original texts of relevant regulations; in many cases, I have relied on the sources listed. These findings, therefore, do not pretend to be exhaustive or legally reliable.


I thank all who have provided me with information for this survey. Please send comments, corrections, updates, and additional information to to help me keep this survey updated. If you have questions, feel free to ask, but please check the FAQ first.


(* indicates that the item has been updated since July 2010)

Quick index
International - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - P - R - S - T - U - V



This page has been accessed....times since 9 May 1996. Counted by Web-Counter.


© Bert-Jaap Koops, 1995-2013. All rights reserved.
Updated on 25 February 2013.

general: homepage Bert-Jaap Koops | mail
this topic: maps | FAQ | new | sources | addresses